From the Social Justice Ministry
Racism: the assertion of superiority by one racial group over another. It is the exercising of power that abuses or disadvantages people on the basis of their perceived racial difference, while the dominant group maintains privileges and advantages through racist and discriminatory practices.
Racism is perpetuated at the individual level, but the accumulated effect of centuries of white racism have left it deeply entrenched at the systemic and institutional levels.
Racism cannot be reduced to an individual psychological phenomenon. It is a historical development.
Racism had a beginning and it can have an end.
S. Kardash and S. Lamble, 2003